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Pass by Reference Parameters in PowerShell

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A long time ago Jeffrey Snover briefly mentioned the PowerShell [REF] parameter attribute, but otherwise there isn’t much mention around about how to use it.  It seems simple enough, but I kept getting this error from PowerShell:

“Reference type is expected in argument.”

This post by MOW cleared things up for me – I needed to wrap my [REF] parameters in parens in the function call, like so:

Find-NewMessages $valvar1 ([REF]$refvar1) ([REF]$refvar2)

For those looking to see how pass by reference params are used in the first place, its pretty simple.  Use the [REF] attribute on your function parameters and in your function call, ie:

function Find-NewMessages($valvar1, [REF]$refvar1, [REF]$refvar2) {
  //some stuff
  $refvar1.Value = “hi”
  $refvar2.Value = “bye”

$refvar1 = “1”
$refvar2  “2”
Find-NewMessages $valvar1 ([REF]$refvar1) ([REF]$refvar2)
//now $refvar1 = “hi” and $refvar2 = “bye”

Technorati Tags: PowerShellPass By Reference Parameters

This article is part of the GWB Archives. Original Author: Lance Robinson

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