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Anthony Trudeau

It's another week and another restriction imposed by the Entity Framework (EF). Don't get me wrong. I like EF, but I don't like how it restricts you in different ways. At this point you may be asking yourself the question: how can you have more than one table with the same name?

The answer is to have tables in different schemas. I do this to partition the data based on the area of concern. It allows security to be assigned conveniently. A lot of people don't use schemas. I love them. But this article isn't about schemas.

In the situation I have two tables:

  • Contact.Person
  • Employee.Person

The first contains the basic, more public information such as the name. The second contains mostly HR specific information. I then mapped these tables to two classes. I stuck to a Table per Class (TPC) mapping, because of problems I've had in the past implementing inheritance with EF. The following code gives you the basic contents of the classes.

[Table("Person", Schema = "Employee")]
public class Employee {
   public int PersonId { get; set; }

   public virtual Person Person { get; set; }

[Table("Person", Schema = "Contact")]
public class Person {
   public int Id { get; set; }

This seemingly simple scenario just doesn't work. The problem occurs when you try to add a Person to the DbContext. You get an InvalidOperationException with the following text:

The entity types 'Employee' and 'Person' cannot share table 'People' because they are not in the same type hierarchy or do not have a valid one to one foreign key relationship with matching primary keys between them..

This is interesting for a couple of reasons. First, there is no People table in my database. Second, I have used the SetInitializer method to stop a database from being created, so it shouldn't be thinking about new tables.

The solution to my problem was to change the name of my Employee.Person table. I decided to name it Employee.Employee. It's not ideal, but it gets me past the EF limitation. I hope that this article will help someone else that has the same problem.

Posted on Tuesday, July 2, 2013 9:17 PM .NET | Back to top

Comments on this post: EF Doesn't Like Same Named Tables

# re: EF Doesn't Like Same Named Tables
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Very good stuff with good ideas and concepts, lots of great information and inspiration, both of which we all need.
Left by Iaran on Sep 09, 2013 3:10 AM

# re: EF Doesn't Like Same Named Tables
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Your issue is related to below, which has been raised with the EF team -

Left by iRahat on Sep 18, 2013 1:58 AM

# re: EF Doesn't Like Same Named Tables
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I added my vote.
Left by Anthony Trudeau on Sep 18, 2013 7:26 AM

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