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Imran Shaik Silverlight Quintessential Rambling

Opacity Masks are a great addition to Silverlight even thought it was there from the beginning, they are not as much helpful as otherwise they might be due to the lack of brushes in Silverlight (compared to WPF). And the addition of Alpha along with RGB in colour definition, opacity masks don't really gain much attention as they deserve. Although the use of Opacity Masks in Silverlight is very limited it is nonetheless a less important features, especially in animations and applying both vertical and horizontal gradients or both linier and radial gradient to the same object let us from start with looking at what opacity masks are and then how opacity masks are helpful in applying both vertical and horizontal gradients to the same object.

As you might already know that you can only attach one single colour schema (Either Solid colour or gradients) to an object, so we'll first begin with looking at what opacity masks are.

Opacity Masks.

First we'll look at what opacity masks do on a solid colour, and then we'll go in detail with complex gradients.

 2008-10-22_192437

Image 1: Rectangle with Solid colour

<Rectangle Fill="#FF0B1BC6" Stroke="#FF000000" RadiusX="8" RadiusY="8"/>

Now I have an object with solid colour (Rectangle with Colour FF0B1BC6 in this case) and lets say that we want to apply some transparency to the the object either at the beginning or at the end, so since Silverlight have Alpha channel in its colour definition along with RGB definition its simple to use it, Since we are dealing with a solid colour here its easy to just create a liner gradient with alpha reduced e.g.,

2008-10-22_192457

Image 2: Rectangle with Linear gradient with opacity

<Rectangle RadiusX="8" RadiusY="8" Stroke="#FF000000">
    <Rectangle.Fill>
        <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1" StartPoint="0.5,0">
            <GradientStop Color="#7F0B1BC6"/>
            <GradientStop Color="#FF0B1BC6" Offset="1"/>
        </LinearGradientBrush>
    </Rectangle.Fill>
</Rectangle>

Notice the Colour between two gradient stops they are the same colour (0B0BC6) the only difference is the Alpha (7F and FF), at offset 0 (beginning of the gradient) we have 50% opacity and at the offset 1 (end of the gradient) we have 100% opacity.

It works but we can also achieve he same by applying opacity mask to the rectangle in Image 1,

2008-10-22_193332

Image 3: Rectangle with opacity mask

<Rectangle Fill="#FF0B1BC6" Stroke="#FF000000" RadiusX="8" RadiusY="8">
    <Rectangle.OpacityMask>
        <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1" StartPoint="0.5,0">
            <GradientStop Color="#7F000000" Offset="0"/>
            <GradientStop Color="#FFFFFFFF" Offset="1"/>
        </LinearGradientBrush>
    </Rectangle.OpacityMask>
</Rectangle>

Notice Image 2 and Image 3, the difference isn't much, infact technically there isn't any difference because both of them are one and the same, the only difference is applying the opacity mask to a solid colour have achieved the same results as actually applying a gradient.

Uses of Opacity Mask

You might ask well if we can achieve the same results with both gradient and applying opacity mask then why use opacity mask, well the advantages of opacity masks are very clear, consider this you can only apply one gradient to an object but with the addition of opacity mask you can achieve both at the same time.

Here is an example,

Consider the following gradient

2008-10-22_194405 

Image 4: Rectangle with liner gradient from left to right

Now consider that we want darken the rectangle on the top and leave the bottom the same, given that we can only apply one gradient for a single object, so to achieve this we'll have to put the another rectangle on top of that with a black gradient running from top to bottom, and  giving the top about 50% opacity and the bottom 0% opacity.

Instead we can use opacity masks to achieve this,

2008-10-22_195548

Image 5: Rectangle gradient (left to right) with opacity mask (top to bottom)

 

<Rectangle RadiusX="8" RadiusY="8" Stroke="#FF000000">
            <Rectangle.OpacityMask>
                <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1" StartPoint="0.5,0">
                    <GradientStop Color="#7E000000" Offset="0.4"/>
                    <GradientStop Color="#FF000000" Offset="1"/>
                    <GradientStop Color="#B2000000" Offset="0.5"/>
                </LinearGradientBrush>
            </Rectangle.OpacityMask>
            <Rectangle.Fill>
                <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="1.,0.5" StartPoint="0,0.5" >
                    <GradientStop Color="#FFC60B0B" Offset="0"/>
                    <GradientStop Color="#FFC60B0B" Offset="1"/>
                    <GradientStop Color="#FFAAB30C" Offset="0.175"/>
                    <GradientStop Color="#FE3B8C41" Offset="0.31"/>
                    <GradientStop Color="#FE2E6C6F" Offset="0.48"/>
                    <GradientStop Color="#FE21258D" Offset="0.70"/>
                    <GradientStop Color="#FE9E19A1" Offset="0.85"/>
                </LinearGradientBrush>
            </Rectangle.Fill>
        </Rectangle>

This trick is usually used in making the glass effects with gradients, and it is limited to dark backgrounds since in reality the opacity mask is actually making the object transparent than actually making it darker or lighter, which brings us to another usage of opacity masks.

Partially transparent objects, captures the imagination, and you can achieve them using opacity masks, for example consider the following image, its the same rectangle in Image 5 over other rectangles.

2008-10-22_200437

Objects using Opacity Masks

Opacity masks are not limited to objects rectangles or paths or gradients, opacity masks can also be applied to various objects to give partial transparency, including and not limited to images and vides infact you can apply opacity masks to all UI elements and you can apply any brush (Graident brush/image brush/Video Brush etc.) as a base for opacity mask.

Opacity Masks in Silverlight 2 are limited since other brushes (those available in WPF) are not available in Silverlight, but probably probably they might be avialble in future versions of Silverlight.

Opacity Masks and animation and themes

One of the areas where I usually use opacity masks are in themes and animation, I'll soon post a tutorial on using opacity masks in animation/ themes and in creating custom controls and templates, watch this space.

Posted on Wednesday, October 22, 2008 8:17 PM Silverlight | Back to top


Comments on this post: Working with Opacity Masks

# re: Working with Opacity Masks
Requesting Gravatar...
The following code ignores the: rect1.OpacityMask = irgb; to apply the opacity mask at runtime.


public MainPage()
{
InitializeComponent();
Rectangle rect1 = new Rectangle();
rect1.Width = 300;
rect1.Height = 300;
rect1.Fill = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Red);
RadialGradientBrush irgb = new RadialGradientBrush();
irgb.GradientOrigin = new Point(0.5, 0.5); 
irgb.Center = new Point(0.5, 0.5);
irgb.RadiusX = 0.5;
irgb.RadiusY = 0.5;
GradientStop gs1 = new GradientStop();
GradientStop gs2 = new GradientStop();
GradientStop gs3 = new GradientStop();
GradientStop gs4 = new GradientStop();
// Set the color for each stop object
gs1.Color = Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255, 255);
gs2.Color = Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255, 255);
gs3.Color = Color.FromArgb(255, 150, 150, 150);
gs4.Color = Color.FromArgb(255, 0, 0, 0);
// Set the offset for each stop object
gs1.Offset = 0.0;
gs2.Offset = 0.25;
gs3.Offset = 0.75;
gs4.Offset = 1.0;
// Add the Gradient stops to the Linear Gradient Brush
irgb.GradientStops.Add(gs1);
irgb.GradientStops.Add(gs2);
irgb.GradientStops.Add(gs3);
irgb.GradientStops.Add(gs4);
rect1.OpacityMask = irgb;
LayoutRoot.Children.Add(rect1);
}
Left by Claudio on Feb 23, 2010 5:05 AM

# re: Working with Opacity Masks
Requesting Gravatar...
I started to use Opacity Masks for improving our Comediantickets site. So far I have seen some nice improvements while using Silverlight with it. Thanks for tips, they make everything more smooth.
Left by Chris on Apr 06, 2011 2:20 AM

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